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Handsfree ChatGPT Terminal | Full Electronics DIY Projects

Handsfree ChatGPT Terminal | Full Electronics DIY Projects


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For this project, we would be constructing a ChatGPT Terminal completely hands-free – taking questions & replying answers fully in a handsfree way!

While Pi-zero is a full-fledged computer, ESP32, Arduino UNO & Mega or Maixduino are mere MCUs. Therefore, they will certainly be many times inferior to Pi-zero. But if you compare the form factor, number of GPIOs, speed and cost, Pi-zero 2W is super competitive! It can do all that the other MCUs can do except onboard an analog-to-digital converter. For an analog-to-digital converter, we have to use an additional [ADC] chip [like MCP3008] with Raspberry Pi. Pi-zero is available for as low as INR:1600 at many stores while Arduino Mega also costs a similar price! I can say if the Arduino fever is over now then the small computer cum MCU-like boards like Pi Zero, Orange Pi, Nano Pi, and Banana Pi are on the rise now.

Author’s Prototype

Sound output on Pi Zero

There is no sound output on the Pi-Zero board. To have sound output one has to connect an HDMI device [in other words a TV] to Pi-Zero and the sound will come out in normal way. There are HDMI-to-AV output devices which can be used to separate out the video and audio output. After you have to attach an amplifier to reproduce the weak audio signal to a loudspeaker. However, there is another easier way which is shown in the schematic. Any two of the PWM GPIO pins [12,13,18,19] can be used to force audio output by adding just one line in /boot/config.txt file. dtoverlay=audremap,pins_18_13. The audio is taken out using a small filter arrangement followed by a 2-watt PAM8403 amplifier.

Schematic of audio output

Circuit Diagram

The amplifier is rated for 5Volt but it works on 3.3 volts with a small speaker

BOM

  • Raspberry Pi zero 2W – INR:1600
  • PAM8403 Amplifier – INR:50
  • 4OHM Speakers [02 nos] – INR:120
  • USB microphone – INR:170
  • OTG cable for attaching a normal USB microphone

Pi-zero has only one micro USB port for external connections. To connect a normal USB to it, we need an OTG cable whose one side is a male micro USB and the other side is a normal female USB so that you can insert the USB microphone.

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Sequence of Operations

This is a completely hands-free operation. Our instructions will be provided by audio message and the answers will be audio again! There will be a push button. Once you press it, the device will ask you to answer the question. Once you complete the question within 10 seconds, the device will seek your confirmation through a yes or no audio response. If no, it will ask you to start all over again. If yes, it will ask ChatGPT to provide the answer. Once it receives the answer, it will speak it out for you. After the sequence, it will wait for a button press! The loop goes endless!

The button press is made bounce-free to avoid multiple running of the same code.

Project code: Before you start this project you need to get your chatgpt api-key which is available for free from openai.com. HerePlease register your email address and then get the api-key which needs to be inserted in the api-key variable in vi_chatgpt.py code.

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button_listener.py = This is a button press code, which monitors a GPIO button [17 here, you can change it]. Once the button is pressed, it will start a shell program
– vi_chatgpt.sh.

vi_chatgpt.sh = This code will start the main code – vi_chatgpt.py. This code is to be made executable by issuing a command like this.
$> chmod +x vi_chatgpt.sh

vi_chatgpt.py = Main project code which when finished, will release control to button_listener.py again to monitor the next button press event

Autostart on boot: To make the code fire up on every boot of Pi-zero, first ensure that the Pi zero logs automatically into console mode [or graphics mode], You need not attach a monitor for that. You can ssh to your pi-zero. Then in the home folder [/home/bera/] there is a .profile file, open that file using nano.

$> nano /home/bera/.profile, At the end of that file, attach this line. Save it and close it. python /home/bera/button_listener.py & Next time you reboot, the program will start automatically and will wait for the button press event!

Software

Some software you may need to install first.
$> pip install open
$> pip install speech_recognition
$> pip install subprocess

Also, you have to ensure that SSH is turned on in your Raspberry Pi configuration and Internet is available in your network. Surprisingly it has been found that the USB microphone is very sensitive to catching sound from the other corner of the room amidst a split AC indoor unit is on. The ceiling fan is to be avoided or can be run at the slowest speed

Aftermath

It is possible to even replace the ‘button press’ event by a fixed audio command like – ‘Daisy start’ or ‘Daichi start’ etc. but it makes the Pi-zero operation distinctively slow but sure it will work better in Pi-4 or Pi-5. Help has been sought & obtained during the making of this project from openai.com

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Handsfree ChatGPT Terminal | Full Electronics DIY Projects
Handsfree ChatGPT Terminal | Full Electronics DIY Projects

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